Dental cavities are holes in between 2 outer layers of a tooth, known as enamel and dentin. Enamel is the outer white colored hard area and dentin is the yellowish surface just beneath enamel. Both layers provide to guard the innermost living tooth tissue known as the pulp, in which nerves and blood vessels are located. Dental holes are very common, which affects over 90 percent of the people. Small cavities will not produce pain or may be ignored by the individual. The bigger cavities may gather foods, as well as the internal pulp of the afflicted tooth may become sore by bacterial poisons, foods which are hot, cold, sweet or sour causing pain in the tooth. Toothache from such larger cavities is the first cause of goes to dentistas en Tijuana.
Reasons behind cavities
Cavity causing microorganism in the oral cavity uses plain sugar, transforming into acid plaque. It differs from the periodontal plaque which causes “Gum Problem.” The acid plaque created by these microorganisms result in the hard inorganic layers of the enamel and dentin to soften. The softened deposits are then dissolved by saliva, leaving a cavity in the tooth. Until filled by a dental surgeon, the cavity may continue to damage and erode the innermost pulp of the tooth. Injury to the pulp may result in infection, pulp death and abscess formation. So, pulp injury may take either a root canal treatment or tooth extraction in which the dying pulp is packed away and repaired with an inert core.
The enamel of child tooth is immature as well as porous. It will take 7 years for the chalky, porous enamel to be changed by dense, mature, hard and shiny enamel. So kids are usually more susceptible to cavities as compared to older people.
Tooth decay causing microorganisms are hard to eliminate as they are similar to the some other harmless microorganisms that remain in the mouth. The several cavities causing microorganisms contain:
- Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria are in the pits and fissures of the occlusal surfaces of teeth. These types of microorganisms may result in rampant caries in young, leading to cavities in both primary teeth and the 1st permanent molars.
- 2. 6 species of streptococcus bacteria that attack the smooth surfaces of the teeth. These sides are normally reach neighboring teeth and cavities occurring on such sides are not easy to identify visually. These types of cavities are best identified by using of x-rays.
- Odontomyces viscoses bacteria live on the posterior part of the tongue and attack cementum.
Tooth decay rates are increasing for children between the ages of two and five with around 28 % of them suffer from tooth decay. This means that about 1 in 3 children possess at least 1cavity that may result in gum disease, mouth pain and other health issues.
Cavities are due to plaque which is a sticky film composed of bacteria, saliva and remaining food materials. Plaque sticks to our teeth and the bacteria that naturally live in our mouths like to consume it. Like dentistas en Tijuana all over the world uses dental filling materials to close the cavity.